Protest against Egon Krenz being installed as chairman of the State Council outside the State Council building in East Berlin, 24 October 1989.
Source: picture-alliance/dpa/Wolfgang Kumm

New Forum

The founding meeting of the grassroots movement New Forum was held in Katja Havemann’s garden in Grünheide near Berlin on 9 and 10 September 1989: (l. to r.) Bärbel Bohley, Jutta Seidel and Katja Havemann.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Hanno Schmidt
(L. to r.): Olaf Freund, Rolf Henrich, Hans-Jochen Tschiche (in the background) and Martin Böttger at the founding meeting of New Forum. The secret police were kept informed from the outset as they had an informer, Reinhardt Pumb (r.), in the group.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Hanno Schmidt
One of the central popular demands at all demonstrations in the revolutionary autumn was to legalise New Forum. Photo: 7 October 1989 in East Berlin.
Source: Hans-Peter Stiebing
Gera, 26 October 1989.
Source: Federal Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the Former GDR
New Forum meeting at the home of Bärbel Bohley (l.), 29 October 1989. Other participants (l. to r.): Christian Reich (far l.), Reinhard Schult, Michael Kukutz, Eberhard Seidel, Andreas Schönfelder, Hans-Jochen Tschiche, Jutta Seidel and Jens Reich.
Source: Archiv Bundesstiftung Aufarbeitung, Bestand Klaus Mehner, Nr. 89_1029_POL_DDR-NF_02
Rally outside Rostock town hall, 29 October 1989.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
In St Mary’s Church in Torgau (Saxony), 5 November 1989.
Source: Erdmute Bräunlich
Leipzig, 20 November 1989.
Source: Michael Kurt/Leipzig
The initial callout: “Awakening 89 – New Forum”. The group defined itself as a platform for political communication, and wanted to end the silence in East Germany. The founding members emphasised that they did not understand the group as a party but as a grassroots democratic movement.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
The initial callout: “Awakening 89 – New Forum”. The group defi ned itself as a platform for political communication, and wanted to end the silence in East Germany. The founding members emphasised that they did not understand the group as a party but as a grassroots democratic movement.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Duplicate of the letter from Jutta Seidel and Bärbel Bohley to the GDR interior minister dated 19 September 1989, applying for registration of New Forum as a “political association”.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Three days after New Forum applied for registration, the response appeared in the state youth organisation FDJ’s newspaper Junge Welt. The GDR interior ministry reported via the press that New Forum was classified as a “subversive platform” and would not be permitted.
Source: Junge Welt, 22.09.1989
Despite the ban, the New Forum initial callout was quickly distributed. Within a very short period, there were members and contact addresses in every county of the GDR. By the end of October 1989 150,000 people from across the country had signed the appeal. Extract from the signature list, September 1989.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Despite the ban, the New Forum initial callout was quickly distributed. Within a very short period, there were members and contact addresses in every county of the GDR. By the end of October 1989 150,000 people from across the country had signed the appeal. Extract from the signature list, September 1989.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
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