"Wall peckers" in Berlin, 10 November 1989. People started tearing down the Berlin Wall on their own. Official demolition began at Potsdamer Platz in November 1989, and continued from 20 February 1990 between the Brandenburg Gate and the border post at Checkpoint Charlie.
Source: Bundesregierung/Uwe Rau

All-German Elections

The reconstruction of the five Länder (federal states) on GDR territory was an important step towards German unity. In 1952 the old states had been replaced by a larger number of administrative districts. In July 1990 the GDR parliament passed the Establishment of Länder Act.

Elections were held in the five new Länder on 14 October. The CDU emerged as the strongest party in four of the new states. The CDU also won the majority of votes in the first all-German parliamentary election on 2 December 1990. The civil rights organisations succeeded in winning seats in all the East German Länder assemblies and in the national parliament. The PDS (the successor to the old single state party, the SED) also won seats throughout the country.

The first all-German parliament met in the Reichstag in Berlin on 20 December. The elected members of the GDR parliament took their seats in the Federal Parliament in Bonn only a day after the celebrations for the Day of German Unity. The elections in December finally gave full legitimacy to all parliamentarians. At the same time as the general election, Berlin held its first citywide elections for its House of Representatives since 1946.

The law on conducting the first all-German parliamentary elections was passed at the Federal Council meeting on 24 August 1990. The majority of representatives of the Länder on the Federal Council approved the necessary change to the law.
Source: Bundesregierung/Wolfgang Lemmerz
There was some argument in Altenburg over whether it was assigned to the new federal state of Saxony or Thuringia; it eventually became part of Thuringia. The GDR population had never fully accepted the political structuring into districts carried out in 1952.
Source: picture-alliance/HB-Verlag/Sabine Lubenow
Voter turnout in the first all-German general election on 2 December 1990 was around 75% in East Germany and around 79% in West Germany. The CDU emerged as the strongest party, and formed a coalition government with the Christian Socialists (CSU) and the Liberals (FDP).
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Graphik eckedesign
The German flag was ceremonially raised before the constituent session of the German parliament in the Reichstag in Berlin, 20 December 1990. It was the first meeting of a parliament freely elected in the whole of Germany since the Nazis took power in 1933.
Source: picture-alliance/dpa/Heinz Wieseler
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