Demonstration by the Polish trade union Solidarnosc in the pilgrimage city of Tschenstochau (Poland). The illegal trade union Solidarnosc grew into a mass movement that could no longer be stopped.
источник: AP Photo

It`s not this Country - Youth Cultures

Эта статья еще не переведена русский.

Young people in the GDR were expected to build the communist state with enthusiasm, defending it inside the state and against the rest of the world. Most of them, however, had other interests and wanted to take control of their own lives. The young generation began withdrawing from the state’s patronage in increasing numbers.

Young people in the GDR were subject to ideological, disciplinary and social control in all areas of their lives. The single ruling SED party placed particular emphasis on pre-military training. The state youth organisation FDJ was responsible for education in line with SED policies. Many young people refused to accept its claim to be the sole representative of the younger generation.

Various alternative youth cultures developed. They looked to the West for a feeling of freedom, for their musical influences and clothing, turning their back on the prescribed model for living communist lives. Blues freaks, hitchhikers, hippies and punks provoked the state deliberately or not, many of them facing considerable repression. Some young people became consciously political, working in peace and environmental groups.

The student Roland Jahn was expelled from the University of Jena in 1977 for criticising the expatriation of the singer Wolf Biermann. Jahn carried out a number of spectacular campaigns to draw attention to political issues in East Germany. He was arrested in 1982 and forcibly expatriated to the West in 1983.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Manfred Hildebrand
A police officer checking ID on Alexanderplatz in East Berlin, 1980. The police stopped and checked all young people who looked like nonconformists or rebels. They were often arrested for no good reason and interrogated for hours.
источник: Harald Hauswald/OSTKREUZ
[Translate to Russisch:] Jugendliche während der wehrsportlichen Ausbildung 1984. Zum Zweck der Disziplinierung und sozialen Kontrolle betreibt die Staatspartei SED die Militarisierung der Gesellschaft. Jugendliche müssen an Schulen, Universitäten oder während der Lehrzeit die vormilitärische Ausbildung absolvieren.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Volker Döhring
Whitsun gathering of the state youth organisation FDJ (Free German Youth) in East Berlin, 1984.
источник: ullstein bild/Schneider
[Translate to Russisch:] Punks rebellieren gegen den grauen, eintönigen Alltag in der DDR. Ihr provokantes Aussehen und ihre anarchische Gesinnung machen sie in den Augen der DDR-Führung zu potenziellen Staatsfeinden. Sie werden kriminalisiert und geheimdienstlich überwacht.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Volker Döring
[Translate to Russisch:] Neonazis in Berlin-Lichtenberg im Mai 1984, dokumentiert von der Staatssicherheit. Anfang der 1980er-Jahre tauchen die ersten Skinheads in der jugendkulturellen Szene auf. Wenige Jahre später entstehen neonazistische Zusammenschlüsse mit Führungskadern und festen Strukturen, die sich von der jugendkulturellen Bewegung ablösen und DDR-weit vernetzt sind.
Stars and Stripes in East Berlin: 160,000 fans of the American rock star Bruce Springsteen attended his concert at Weißensee Racetrack on 19 July 1988. In the late 1980s the state youth organisation FDJ made an attempt to meet young people’s demands for Western music by organising concerts such as this one.
источник: Gerhard Gäbler/Leipzig
[Translate to Russisch:] Kritik an den Verhältnissen: Songtext der Leipziger Punkband Wutanfall von 1981.
Police summons dated 9 April 1984. The police called nonconformist young people into the station on a pretext, the usual excuse being “for clarification of a matter”. If the person did not turn up, they faced state sanctions. The purpose of these summonses was to build up an atmosphere of fear and uncertainty.
источник: archiv:toomuchfuture
Many rebellious young people and political opponents had their ID cards taken away. They were given a temporary replacement identity card coded PM-12, which placed severe restrictions on their freedom of movement within the GDR. They were no longer allowed to travel to other countries in the Eastern Bloc at all.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Excerpt from the East German penal code. Any groups that exercised criticism of the system were suspected of activities against the state, with an ensuing threat of heavy fines and long prison sentences.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft

Video

Roland Jahn - Jugendkulturen

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