Demonstration by the Polish trade union Solidarnosc in the pilgrimage city of Tschenstochau (Poland). The illegal trade union Solidarnosc grew into a mass movement that could no longer be stopped.
источник: AP Photo

The opposition goes public

Эта статья еще не переведена русский. 

In the course of the 1980s, opposition groups sprang up in all parts of the GDR. By organising events and producing illegal publications, they attempted to make their own publicity. The activists’ grouping in networks and connections in the West extended the sphere of influence of their campaigns considerably.

[Translate to Russisch:] Till Böttcher in der Umwelt-Bibliothek in Ost-Berlin: Die Zeitschriften und Flugblätter der Opposition werden auf einfachen Vervielfältigungsgeräten hergestellt. Maschinen und Druckutensilien sind rar, stammen meist aus kirchlichen Beständen oder werden aus dem Westen in die DDR geschmuggelt.
источник: Harald Hauswald / OSTKREUZ
Im Herbst 1989 werden auf solchen Wachsmatrizenmaschinen rund um die Uhr Flugblätter, Erklärungen und Samisdatzeitschriften gedruckt.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Siegbert Schefke
Druckutensilien, die für die Herstellung von Zeitschriften und Flugblättern der Opposition verwendet wurden.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Tom Sello

The Initiative for Peace and Human Rights was an important opposition group established in East Berlin in 1986. It documented the violation of human rights in the GDR and demanded basic civil rights, liberties and democracy.

The Environmental Library was also founded in 1986 in East Berlin. Anyone interested could use the premises to exchange information with others, read publications banned in the GDR and watch performances by dissident artists. Soon similar libraries were set up in other towns and cities. They quickly turned into popular communication centres.

Peace, environmental or conscientious objector groups joined forces in networks and distributed small print-runs of underground newspapers. This was where people could read everything they would never learn from the official GDR media. Opposition activists in the East had the support of West German journalists and critics of the GDR who had moved to the West.

Opposition publications from the second half of the 1980s. These magazines evaded state censorship to spread information which the authorities did not want people to know.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Opposition publications from the second half of the 1980s. These magazines evaded state censorship to spread information which the authorities did not want people to know.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Opposition publications from the second half of the 1980s. These magazines evaded state censorship to spread information which the authorities did not want people to know.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Opposition publications from the second half of the 1980s. These magazines evaded state censorship to spread information which the authorities did not want people to know.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
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