Egon Krenz’in Devlet Konseyi’nin Başkanı olarak atanmasına karşı 24 Ekim 1989’da, Doğu Berlin’de Devlet Konseyi binası önünde yapılan protesto.
kaynak: picture-alliance/dpa/Wolfgang Kumm

SED’nin direkleri krizde

Ulusal Cephe’nin bildirisi. Ulusal Cephe, Demokratik Almanya Cumhuriyeti’nin tüm partilerini ve kitle örgütlerini kapsıyor. Cepheyle devlet Partisi, kendi iktidarını güçlendirebiliyor. Ulusal Cephe, anti demokratik seçimlerin ideolojik hazırlıklarını yapmakla yetkili.
kaynak: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
View of the meeting room at the congress of the Confederation of Free German Trade Unions (FDGB), 22 April 1982. The FDGB was not a representative body, but served to integrate its members into the political dictatorship – like all mass organisations in the GDR.
kaynak: ullstein bild/Bildarchiv
There were no trade unions in East Germany independent of the state and the SED. Almost all working people were members of the Confederation of Free German Trade Unions (FDGB). In October 1989 this organisation was the target of severe criticism, like all the old GDR structures. The FDGB members forced leading trade union functionaries, most of them SED members, to resign. FDGB pass (r.) with subscription stamps up to November 1989.
kaynak: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
There were no trade unions in East Germany independent of the state and the SED. Almost all working people were members of the Confederation of Free German Trade Unions (FDGB). In October 1989 this organisation was the target of severe criticism, like all the old GDR structures. The FDGB members forced leading trade union functionaries, most of them SED members, to resign. FDGB pass (r.) with subscription stamps up to November 1989.
kaynak: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Members of the youth organisation with portraits of leading SED functionaries on the May Day parade in East Berlin, 1987.
kaynak: picture-alliance/dpa/Roland Holschneider
The Free German Youth (FDJ) was the only youth organisation permitted in the GDR, with the aim of raising young people as the single ruling party SED saw fit. All young people were practically obliged to join at the age of 13. Only a small number refused, often for religious reasons. In the autumn of 1989 its members began leaving in droves. Whole university classes left en masse. FDJ membership pass (r.) with no subscription stamps for the last quarter of 1989.
kaynak: Privat
The Free German Youth (FDJ) was the only youth organisation permitted in the GDR, with the aim of raising young people as the single ruling party SED saw fit. All young people were practically obliged to join at the age of 13. Only a small number refused, often for religious reasons. In the autumn of 1989 its members began leaving in droves. Whole university classes left en masse. FDJ membership pass (r.) with no subscription stamps for the last quarter of 1989.
kaynak: Privat
In the CDU, changes were only possible once members’ protests had forced the long-running chairman to resign. Report in the West Berlin newspaper Tagesspiegel, 29 October 1989: “Strong forces in East German CDU and LDPD in favour of leaving National Front”.
kaynak: Der Morgen, 13.10.1989
The German Liberal Democratic Party (LDPD) made a number of proposals for change from mid-October 1989 onwards. Unlike the East German CDU, its leadership was willing to make reforms.
kaynak: Associated Press
Ulusal Cephe, 13 Aralık 1989 tarihli bu programla, „Ulusal Yurttaş Hareketi“ adı altında varlığını kurtarmaya çalışıyor ve Demokratik Almanya Cumhuriyeti toplumunda hala önemli bir rol oynamak istiyor.
kaynak: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
The New Forum movement rejected the old structures in a press release from 22 February 1990.
kaynak: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
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