"Wall peckers" in Berlin, 10 November 1989. People started tearing down the Berlin Wall on their own. Official demolition began at Potsdamer Platz in November 1989, and continued from 20 February 1990 between the Brandenburg Gate and the border post at Checkpoint Charlie.
Source: Bundesregierung/Uwe Rau

German Unity

It took just two months to negotiate the 45 articles, three appendices and one memorandum that make up the comprehensive treaty on German unification agreed between the two German states. The first session of talks was held on 6 July 1990. Debates were fierce, and the talks were sometimes at risk of collapsing. Meanwhile, discussions were going on in West Germany as well.

Finally it was decided to transfer the West German legal system as a whole to the territory of the GDR. On 23 August the majority of People's Chamber members voted for the GDR to join the Federal Republic and adopt its Basic Law. Both German parliaments passed the Unification Treaty on 20 September.

The Day of German Unity was set for 3 October 1990. In many places public celebrations already began the day before. On the evening of 3 October around half a million people and leading politicians gathered in front of the Reichstag in the reunited city of Berlin for a major celebration with fireworks.

The Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic Covering the Establishment of German Unity (Unification Treaty), 31 August 1990.
Source: Bundesregierung/Engelbert Reineke
On 20 September 1990, members of the People's Chamber voted on the Unification Treaty governing the entry of the GDR into the Federal Republic of Germany. The treaty was adopted by a large majority of 299 to 80 votes, with one abstention.
Source: picture-alliance/dpa/Wolfgang Kumm
Postcard from Schwarzenberg, Saxony, sent on the day before the official date of German unity. The card says: “Absolutely final greetings from the GDR."
Source: Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn
Opponents of reunification from East and West demonstrated on 3 October 1990 in Oranienstraße in the West Berlin district of Kreuzberg.
Source: Umbruch Bildarchiv/Berlin
Crowds on the street Unter den Linden on 3 October 1990. The official celebrations for the Day of German Unity were held in Berlin. Nationwide street parties had already begun on 2 October.
Source: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Rainer Ahrendt/RHG_Fo_RAh_031_13_20
Celebrations for the Day of German Unity on 3 October 1990 began with an ecumenical church service in St. Mary's Church in East Berlin, followed by a state ceremony in the Philharmonic Hall and a party in front of the Reichstag in the evening.
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