"Wall peckers" in Berlin, 10 November 1989. People started tearing down the Berlin Wall on their own. Official demolition began at Potsdamer Platz in November 1989, and continued from 20 February 1990 between the Brandenburg Gate and the border post at Checkpoint Charlie.
Source: Bundesregierung/Uwe Rau

Reasons for sceptcism

After the end of the war, the Allied powers discussed the future of Germany. The heads of government of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union – (l. to r.): Churchill, Truman and Stalin – at the Potsdam Conference in June 1945.
Source: Bundesarchiv/183-H27035
During the 1948 blockade of West Berlin by Soviet troops, the city's SPD mayor, Ernst Reuter, appealed to the international community for solidarity. The blockade accelerated the division of Germany, which was sealed by the foundation of two German states in 1949.
Source: picture-alliance/akg-images
In Poland on 7 December 1970, Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt went down on his knees in front of the memorial for the heroes of the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. This symbolic gesture brought the democratic West Germany great international respect.
Source: ullstein bild/Sven Simon
In 1971 participants in a nationwide meeting of expelled Silesians protested in Munich against the Social Democratic-Liberal coalition’s “eastern agreements”, calling for former territory to be returned to Germany. The rest of the world looked on with concern.
Source: ullstein bild/R. Dietrich
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