"Wall peckers" in Berlin, 10 November 1989. People started tearing down the Berlin Wall on their own. Official demolition began at Potsdamer Platz in November 1989, and continued from 20 February 1990 between the Brandenburg Gate and the border post at Checkpoint Charlie.
источник: Bundesregierung/Uwe Rau

Civil Rights activity and social self-organisation

Эта статья еще не переведена русский.

There were many different forms of civil rights activities and self-organisation. In February 1990 a Third World Shop opened in Winsstraße in Berlin’s Prenzlauer Berg district. Around one million people tried to start or expand companies up until the end of 1990. Opportunities were good for people whose previously confiscated business was handed back by restitution, or who had been able to keep their firm in private ownership over the decades in the GDR.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Vinia Rutkowski
The cultural system in the GDR was state-controlled. In 1989 arts enthusiasts from the alternative scene in Prenzlauer Berg took advantage of the new freedom to occupy rooms in an apartment house. On New Year's Eve they opened the private gallery ACUD.
источник: Claudia Wasow-Kania
Private initiative: from his living room in Gethsemanestraße in Berlin’s Prenzlauer Berg district, Christoph Links launched one of the first new private publishing houses in the GDR in December 1989. Ch. Links Verlag officially became a private limited company on 5 January 1990.
источник: Ulrich Burchert
In the wake of the newly won freedom of expression, the far right was becoming increasingly vocal, like here on Alexanderplatz in East Berlin on 20 April 1990. Anti-fascist initiatives combated this development.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Matthias Webee
Future nature park: view of the former border zone in the Schalsee area in Mecklenburg, spring 1990. Dedicated environmental campaigners and representatives of the last GDR government managed to anchor a national parks programme in the Unification Treaty, with very little time for preparation.
источник: Lebrecht Jeschke
Protest in January 1990 outside the waste disposal site in Vorketzin, where West Berlin’s hazardous waste was taken. Many action groups demanded a completely new concept for waste and other steps to protect the badly polluted environment.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Rolf Walter
Sebastian Pflugbeil from New Forum, a minister without portfolio in the Modrow government, visited the Greifswald nuclear power plant in February 1990. He played a key role in shutting down the fault-prone plant, causing great hostility towards him among the workers.
источник: Ostseezeitung Rostock/Treder
[Translate to Russisch:] In größeren Städten Ostdeutschlands besetzen junge Menschen aus Ost und West unbewohnte Häuser, um gegen Leerstand und Verfall zu protestieren. Die Räumung der Häuser im November provoziert tagelange gewalttätige Auseinandersetzungen.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Rolf Walter
In autumn 1989 there was an explosion of civil rights activity in the GDR. People campaigned for their interests, and set up associations and civil rights groups. A pamphlet published in 1990 presented numerous groups in which members of civil rights movements were active.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
A special edition of Berliner Zeitung from March 1990 reported on the activities of working groups of the Central Round Table and local round tables.
источник: Sonderausgabe der Berliner Zeitung: „Runde Tische“, März 1990
In the GDR, the city of Chemnitz had been renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt. An action group was set up to reverse the change in late November 1989, and collected 43,000 signatures as the basis for a referendum. In April 1990, 76% voted for the name Chemnitz. People in many towns and regions of the GDR began to rediscover their historical identity.
источник: Stiftung Haus der Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Zeitgeschichtliches Forum Leipzig
The issue of abortion accompanied the Unifi cation Treaty negotiations. To prevent the restriction of abortion rights, groups like the Independent Women’s Union demonstrated for the retention of the legal time limit that had applied in the GDR since 1974.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Plakatsammlung
In factories and workshops there were arguments about the most effective form of employee representation during 1990. The debate was about whether to renew trade-union representation along West German lines or introduce works councils, a popular idea in many places. Printer’s copy for a United Left poster, 1990.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Plakatsammlung
Special edition of the Deutsche Lehrerzeitung (“German Teachers’ Newspaper”), 1990. For 40 years, pupils in the GDR were expected to run with the pack and conform. Critical spirit was discouraged. Now teachers started developing ideas for new school models. The Leipzig-based initiative held various events and collected signatures for the “Leipzig Declaration for Freedom in the Education System”.
источник: Schulmuseum-Werkstatt für Schulgeschichte Leipzig
Many members of the Green League – Ecological Movements Network had already been actively involved in environmental issues in the 1980s, despite state obstruction. After the league was set up in February 1990 it was given a seat and voting rights at the Central Round Table in Berlin.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Plakatsammlung
Accidents had occurred repeatedly in the GDR’s biggest nuclear power complex, the Greifswald station, but the SED leaders had hushed them up. In 1990, after the plant’s bad record became known, environmental groups and the civil rights movement achieved its phased closure. The Greifswald station was finally shut down in 1995.
источник: DER SPIEGEL, 29.01.1990
Position paper from the Citizen’s Initiative for the Health and Social System, Karl Marx-Stadt, proposing immediate measures for improving and introducing democracy in this area.
источник: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft
Protest letter to the SED mayor of Leipzig, criticising the failure of the city administration to take up offers of help from West German paediatricians. After the fall of the Berlin Wall, many East German cities and localities received financial and material aid, personnel and organisational support from the West.
источник: Archiv Bürgerbewegung Leipzig
Hinrich Lehmann-Grube was the senior town clerk of Hanover, which became Leipzig’s partner city in 1987. In April 1990 he took on GDR citizenship to be able to stand as an SPD candidate in the local elections in May. He was elected mayor of Leipzig in June, and remained in office until 1998.
источник: Stiftung Haus der Geschichte, Zeitgeschichtliches Forum Leipzig
Discussions between the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia and Leipzig district Round Table in January 1990 led to considerable success. The West Germans promised concrete support in the fi elds of environment protection, energy, transport, housing, economics, health and education.
источник: Archiv Bürgerbewegung Leipzig
Blog aufrufen
Kontakte aufrufen
zum Seitenanfang