"Wall peckers" in Berlin, 10 November 1989. People started tearing down the Berlin Wall on their own. Official demolition began at Potsdamer Platz in November 1989, and continued from 20 February 1990 between the Brandenburg Gate and the border post at Checkpoint Charlie.
kaynak: Bundesregierung/Uwe Rau

German Unification and World Politics

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The international community varied in its attitudes to German unification. West Germany engaged in talks with its alliance partners and European neighbours, and started international negotiations. The Two Plus Four security talks led to Germany gaining full sovereignty. .

Leading politicians from the former Allied countries at the dismantling of the inspection station at the former border post Checkpoint Charlie in Berlin, 22 June 1990. This world-famous border crossing point in the Berlin Wall had been set up in 1961 for the Western Allies’ military staff and foreign diplomats.
kaynak: Robert-Havemann-Gesellschaft/Sandro Most/RHG_Fo_SaMo_001

The Germans were not in a position to decide unilaterally on reunification. Firstly, the Allies had reserved decision-making rights on German policy since World War II, and secondly, the GDR and West Germany belonged to different international alliances. While the USA backed unification, Britain and France were wary of Germany becoming too strong. The Soviet Union also initially rejected unification.

West German chancellor Helmut Kohl and foreign minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher led the way with numerous international talks in which recognition of Europe's existing borders and Germany's alliance membership played a key role. Breakthrough came with the start of discussions involving the four Allies and both German states. These talks resulted in the Two Plus Four Agreement signed by the negotiating parties in September 1990.

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